Geoff Chappell - Software Analyst
Though the long title above does not describe the circumstances completely, it does not miss by much. As extra, it’s enough just that there be no page open at the time.
Start Expression Web 3 and close any page that is opened automatically. From the Tools menu, call up the Page Editor Options dialog. At the CSS tab, click on Manual Style Application. Then click OK. (This assumes you presently have Auto Style Application enabled, which is the default.)
These few easy steps reliably induce Expression Web 3 to crash. For me, the Microsoft .NET Framework’s Error Reporting gives the following “problem details” in a dialog box titled simply Microsoft Windows:
Problem signature Problem Event Name: CLR20r3 Problem Signature 01: expressionweb.exe Problem Signature 02: 3.0.1762.0 Problem Signature 03: 4a5de873 Problem Signature 04: mscorlib Problem Signature 05: 22.214.171.124 Problem Signature 06: 4889dc80 Problem Signature 07: f4f Problem Signature 08: 7 Problem Signature 09: N3CTRYE2KN3C34SGL4ZQYRBFTE4M13NB OS Version: 6.0.6000.2.0.0.256.1 Locale ID: 3081
All these details, even the OS Version, are exactly the same whether the problem is reproduced on the original (32-bit) Windows Vista or on Windows Vista SP1.
It’s well disguised in the problem details, but the immediate cause is an access violation in FPEDITAX.DLL, specifically at offset 0x00084860. This is seen more readily, with a slightly different offset, when the steps are repeated after installing Expression Web 3 Service Pack 1:
Problem signature Problem Event Name: APPCRASH Application Name: ExpressionWeb.exe Application Version: 3.0.3813.0 Application Timestamp: 4afaebc1 Fault Module Name: fpeditax.dll Fault Module Version: 3.0.3813.0 Fault Module Timestamp: 4afae9db Exception Code: c0000005 Exception Offset: 00084c6f OS Version: 6.0.6001.2.1.0.256.1 Locale ID: 3081
The faulting instruction is in a routine that prepares the Page Editor Options dialog, gets it displayed and interprets the new options. Microsoft’s name for this routine is not known, but the routine is a member function of a class that has a virtual function table, and Run Time Type Information in the FPEDITAX executable names this class as CWPEApp. The function begins at offset 0x000846E4 in version 3.0.1762.0 and offset 0x00084AF3 in version 3.0.3813.0.
Of particular interest for present purposes is that the function notes the state of Manual Style Application both before and after the dialog, so that if the state changes from off to on, the function then ensures that the Style Application toolbar is showing. For this last step, the function uses an IFPACApplication interface for its GetUIHostFromWindow method and then an IFPACUIHost interface for its ShowToolbar method. (Names for these interfaces and methods are known from the second of FPEDITAX’s type libraries.) For the first method, the function needs a window handle. The function gets this from the m_hWnd member of a CView class (as documented for the MFC Library). The coding error is that the function merely assumes it has the address of a CView class from earlier. If there is no open page, then this address is NULL and the attempt to dereference the m_hWnd member faults.
Curiously, where the CView is used earlier in the same function (for the different purpose of loading character sets), the code does allow that its pointer to the CView may be NULL. This bug would therefore have been avoided had the programmer who added code for showing the toolbar just taken a moment to look at what the code that was already in the same function could tell him about the variable that he was about to put to new use.
Of course, coding oversights of this sort are inevitable even with the best discipline. The wonder is not with how the bug got written into the code but with how it can have escaped detection during pre-release testing and post-release review. It’s not as if Manual Style Application is especially obscure. The Internet has no shortage of commentary on enabling this feature, even in Expression Web 3 specifically, but has nothing (that I could find today, 12th January 2010) to warn that enabling the feature while no page is open will crash the program. Surely they would warn of the crash if they had seen it. Surely they don’t write about the feature without having ever enabled it. That they say nothing can only mean that all of them enabled the feature only while having a page open. If so, then to have missed a crash that is as easy to reproduce as this one—six mouse clicks from first starting the program—brings with it a strong suggestion that the testing of this product is done much too narrowly. It’s no good having thousands of testers if they all use the program the same way!
But how can it be that Microsoft’s Expression Web team and all their pre-release testers and all the experts who have written about this program since its release always had a page open if they thought to enable Manual Style Application? The first thing I want to do when Expression Web presents me with an untitled unsaved page is to close it. Such a page is useless to me in Expression Web. This program is not a general-purpose word processor which I might use to run up a document and print it without ever wanting to save it. No, Expression Web is a tool for writing pages in a website. To me, a new page has reason to exist only if I have already decided where to save it, and my habit is correspondingly to create new pages via the context menu in the Folder List. If the user interface provided an option for not having the program start with an untitled unsaved page, I would set that option and never look back. I would not have thought I could be alone in this, but apparently I must be.
I’d also have thought that working from a clean slate when reconfiguring any program is just an obvious good practice of cautious computer users. If you’re going to change some settings that affect a program’s handling of documents, why risk that the changes might not all take immediate affect on documents that are still open? My habit, mostly unconscious, is to close those documents, change the settings and then re-open the documents, and it’s not unknown that I go as far as restarting the program. When upgrading a program, it’s just natural to set your known preferences at the earliest opportunity and especially before the new program is given any chance to modify existing data according to default settings that might not be wanted. And so it came to be that after using the initial page to sound out the program’s look and feel, and find that my several demonstrations of bugs in the original Expression Web mostly still apply to Expression Web 3, I restarted the program, closed the initial page and started applying my preferences. For an outlay of several hundred dollars, I had bought a program that I could crash reliably within hours of purchase.
Someone at Microsoft ought to be ashamed of that as an outcome for any customer. I say this not to demand a public show of being ashamed but to point out that the product plainly isn’t being manufactured to professional standards by people who are demonstrably taking professional pride in their work. There seems to be a systemic deficiency in the way this product is tested both before and after release, almost as if nobody at Microsoft wants to look too hard for faults. They’ll fix what’s reported but they don’t answer for how there can be such simple faults to report.
The coding error described above got fixed at least in time for Expression Web 4. Inspection confirms that the fix is the obvious and simple one of allowing that the GetUIHostFromWindow method be passed NULL as a window handle instead of the m_hWnd member of the CView if in fact the function has no CView.
As I review this in 2016, I can’t resist noting that Microsoft eventually opted for the ultimate “fix”, not for this coding error but for the many others: the product was made into a free download, as if nothing more need be said.